What is Mesothelioma?
There are some types of Mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is a kind of cancer that typically affects the tissues covering the abdomen or the lung. It causes by the growth of mesothelial cells on the outer surface of the lung, abdomen, and other internal body organs. These cells then form the mesothelium, a kind of lining in the infected area. Its types can be determined by the location of the cancer or the type of the cancer cells. Depending on how the cells look, there are three types named Sarcomatoid or fibrous, Epithelioid, and mixed type.
Among the two types of mesothelioma, pleural mesothelioma happens more often than peritoneal mesothelioma. It begins in the pleura (pleural membranes) located in the outer surface of lung. These membranes play important roles to protect the lungs. Besides it also produces a lubricating fluid so the lungs will easily deflate and expand when we breathe. When pleural membranes are infected, they can work properly. They can’t both protect the lungs and produce a lubricating fluid. As a result, the lungs can easily get damaged. The patients will also feel pain on their chest. The cancer often spreads to pericardium, the sheet of tissue covering the heart because it is located near to the pleura. This may leads to worse problems.
The other kind is called peritoneal mesothelioma. It infects the layer of tissue overlaying the abdomen. It is much less not unusual than pleural mesothelioma and much less risky too because it does now not unfold to other frame organs.